H-2, Langanes AFS & Naval Station

H-2 was the first Icelandic home of the 667th AC&W Squadron.  Located on the far northeastern corner of Iceland, it was the 2nd most  difficult to reach of the four Iceland radar sites.  It was not uncommon that a flight left Keflavik for H-2 only to have to turn around because of severe weather that made landing at H-2 impossible.  The site was located not very far from where a WW II radar site had been located.  The decision was made in 1952 to construct a site at Langanes and it was to be manned by a squadron recently re-activated after being inactivated in early 1952.  This was the 667th AC&W Sq.  The first site surveys and topographical work began in December 1952.  Construction began in 1953 with plans calling for the $7.5 million site to be completed by August.  Weather and supply problems delayed the actual activation for three years.  Finally the site was activated in August 1956 and by September USAF personnel had taken over to complete the construction.  The site became operational in late 1957.  The site did have some unique recreational activities including a horse riding stable with horses purchased from a local Icelandic farmer.

You may ask why is this Squadron's number not sequential to to the other Iceland Radar sites.  The Original 667th was formed at Hamilton AFB California in January 1951.  That unit was deactivated in February 1952.  Keeping with the military traditions, inactivated unit numbers were assigned to newly activated units if and when these new units were formed.  Thus in June of 1952 the 667th AC&W Sq. came back to life but this time it was in Iceland.

The USAF radar site remained operational until January 1961 when extremely high winds destroyed the inflatable radome and damaged the radar antenna.  The decision was made to close H-2 because of the many weather related problems and the 667th was transferred to restart the recently closed radar site at H-3.  By 1968 the USAF presence at H-2 was over but there remained a US Navy station operating a highly secret operation from the site. 

But the story of H-2 did not end there.  It had a new, secret life hosting both USAF and Navy personell.  The Air Force had a Seismolographic site there while the Navy continued with its secret operation, reportedly a hydrophone network monitoring Russian submarines in the North Atlantic.